Saturday, May 30, 2015

Science doesn't answer all the questions...because it is not supposed to.

Very often I hear people criticizing science by saying that it doesn't solve all the problems or answer all the questions. Very often this point is raised during the discussions where science and religion are discussed together and pitched against each other. Science vs religion is very common and popular debate subject, many times even during casual discussions science is pitched against religion and people try to evaluate both disciplines based on their own perceptions, knowledge, likes and dislikes. I want to discuss specifically about science and its impact on our society, specially about the pointless accusations which try to project as if science is some useless thing which has not solved any major problems for humankind or it is some incapable branch of academia which claims to know everything but doesn't answer all the questions. Some people say these things in a tone as if religion does solve all the problems or have all the answers (logical answers). First of all one should understand that science doesn't claim that it can answer all the questions or solve all the problems. People who think like this are either ignorant or are purposely saying this to mislead people or just say this to malign science. In science knowledge generation and problem solving is a continuous and never ending process. Secondly science is not just a academic discipline or a subject of school curriculum, it is a way of rational thinking. It is a logical and systematic way of handling any question or problem. Any person can be a scientifically oriented person, they don't need any formal education or degree to be called scientific or scientist. I have seen many so called uneducated people making brilliant discoveries using their own logical and rational thinking, they are all scientists according to me. One can definitely become a scientist by profession by having proper training and education but this is not the only way to learn and practice science. I think myself as a very lucky person that I came across many people from different disciplines who instilled a scientific way of thinking before even I chose research as my profession.

I clearly remember one lecture from my college days where one of our chemistry professors who was also a very good poet asked question to our class, what is science? Many students tried to answer this question and finally all of us agreed that 'anything which we study systematically is science'. Now what we mean 'systematically' here, it means by using verifiable and reproducible methods. If things are not reproducible or if data is not verifiable then it doesn't have any scientific significance. The evidence can be direct or indirect but it has to be there and onus is always on the claimant to prove their claim. The biggest quality of science which attracted me towards it is that it only believes in data, it doesn't care who produced that data or who proposed it or who carried out the experiments. If the data is not verifiable or reproducible it is not accepted no matter who was the person to submit that data. My experiment or Einstein's experiment are judged with same skepticism and open mindedness by scientific community, we both can be proven right or wrong by any person who can produce the data to prove our experiments wrong. It doesn't really matter that Einstein is Nobel laureate his theories are open for challenge like any other scientist's theories. This is another interesting point, there is no any absolute authority who is unquestionable in science, each and everything is open for debate and any one can raise any question about anything. This is very reliable method to proceed forward and generate knowledge, this prevents getting stuck in particular mindset or avoids knowledge getting stagnated. This is also one of the reasons why science has managed to solve so many problems and answer many questions which were considered as mysteries just few decades back. Let it be a problem related with water purification or about vaccination or about some disease management or related with transport or even about clothing or entertainment, scientific communities all over the world are busy tirelessly in solving many problems from many diverse areas. They will continue to do so as long as they stick to well established attitude of skepticism and verifiable data generation. Asking questions and challenging status quo is integral part of scientific thinking. So whenever some one makes above mentioned statement, my counter will be, who claims to solve all the problems or have all the answers? and if it was not science then which discipline helped to solve many, many problems which humans face in day to day life? But please keep on questioning science, throw new challenges towards scientists all over the world, constructive criticism will make it only better and stronger. 

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Friday, May 22, 2015

Mr. PM, I am sorry but I never felt ashamed for being Indian in my life so far.

During his one of many foreign tours Indian prime minister Mr. Modi said that before his government came in power Indians used to feel ashamed about their Indian nationality but now they feel proud. I really don't know why he sad that and what was his intention behind it apart from scoring some brownie points against main opposition party Congress which ruled country most of the time since independence. I even tried to understand what he might have really meant by this statement but couldn't come to any conclusion other than that may be he seems to be still in election campaign mode. These type of things are said very frequently during election campaigns where various political parties try to take pot shots at each other and even try to score brownie points against each other. Most political leaders do this during their campaign speeches but I don't understand the purpose of saying something like this on foreign soil while on official foreign tour as a PM of country. Agreed that it was not during any official function and it was in front of Indian diaspora but in today's world with internet and ever updating social media anything said by any political leader is official no mater where they say it. He was not speaking as a BJP leader there but as a PM of India. These things are immediately shared all over the world within seconds. So this is not a reasonable excuse that it was a informal or unofficial remark or even the most common excuse "he was quoted out of context" will not work in this case, after all it was said by PM of India while on foreign tour how anyone from his team thought that it won't be noticed? I think Mr. Modi loves to deliver power packed speeches with lot of rhetorics, he loves positive response from audience, as a performer he gets encouraged by all this. We saw that on multiple occasions how much he enjoys delivering his speeches with encouraging audience. I think  in these cases also with very supportive audience he got little carried away and messed it up little bit, it happens sometimes. I am sure people close to him know this but no one is going to apologize for this mess up, this not how Indian politics works, top leaders never apologize or say sorry, no matter what. 

I personally have several objections on many things happening in India, I hate casteism and discrimination against women, corruption is still very rampant but these and many other problems are not only India specific, they can be found in various other parts of the world in various forms, one can debate about the intensity of them but they are present everywhere to larger or smaller extent. But none of these issues made me feel ashamed of my nationality. This thought never came in my mind either now or in past. I proudly say that I am Indian but yes at the same time I also acknowledge that, like many other countries my country also have some problems along with some good things. Many of my friends went back to India from USA by leaving very comfortable job and they didn't go back just in last one year but most of them went back before this government came into power. They all went back because of several reasons, some went back for personal reasons, some for professional, some for visa problems but they all loved their country of birth and also got opportunities which matched with their interest. For all of them it didn't matter who was the PM or which party was ruling India. I know people who even after renunciation of their Indian citizenship love India and feel proud of their Indian heritage. We all have our favorite political parties, we feel closer to some particular political ideology, we even debate very passionately against or in favor of some political party but if our choice of party doesn't win the election or our choice of leader doesn't become PM or president we don't feel ashamed of our country or hate it. People can love their country even if they may not like the government of that country. How Mr. Modi will feel if his opponents say that they are feeling ashamed of being Indian because he is the PM of India? Wouldn't it sound disgusting and really pathetic if someone says this? This particular statement from him was totally avoidable and I hope in future person of his stature will choose their words carefully.

As far as I see so far his government is sincerely trying to change few things, they are really trying to improve certain sectors, only time will tell how much success they get in all these efforts but definitely such comments and many other statements made by PM or his colleagues are not helping this cause. It is too early to say anything about their performance but I see that they are trying hard. They should focus on their work rather than making such loose comments and I am sure they have lot on their plate which they need to take care of. If at all he wanted to make this type of comments then he should have done in front of struggling farmers, in front of poor people who are struggling for employment, shelter and food, in front of kids who can't go to school because they have to work. These are the people who actually wonder what is their mistake that they face all these difficulties? Why they are still struggling in a country where every government claims that they work only for poor? The day any Indian PM can face these people and say that now all these people are happy and feel proud to be Indian because of work done for their welfare by their government we all should applaud that PM no matter from which party he or she belongs. Taking political gibes is easy, politicians do this all the time but sometimes on some platforms it is good to show some restraint and control your emotions. I wish he should not have included term indians in his comment, he could have said all BJP fellows felt terrible about living in India or something like that. There is no doubt that this was a serious lapse of judgement from PM. He went little too far in a effort to project goodwill or positive image of his government. He is new to this job so I think we can ignore or forgive this time but if this continues then may be even all the good work may not save this government from escaping the perception that they are only interested in brand development and nothing else. I hope he doesn't make the job of opposition parties easy. If this remains one off incident which I hope it is then its impact will be negligible, Mr. Modi is intelligent politician who knows how to play this game very well.

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Aruna died once again, this time it is official.

After 42 years living in a state of coma in ward number four of KEM hospital in Mumbai Aruna Shanbaug officially died on May 18th 2015. People die every day so why this particular death is so important and mentioned specifically by media in India. First, she was a rape survivor, she was brutally raped by a ward boy on 27th November 1973, during this brutal sexual assault the rapist used a dog chain to choke her which resulted in cutting off of oxygen supply to her brain. This brutal assault left Aruna in coma from which she never recovered till her death. She did not completely die just because her hospital and nursing staff stepped up and took the responsibility of her total care, they did this job with complete devotion for 42 long years. Even supreme court of India termed this care and commitment as 'iconic' in their judgement where they rejected the plea to withdraw her life support. Only total commitment and sincere dedication of KEM management and staff towards Aruna kept her body alive. Technically she was alive but was in vegetative state where person's body is incapable to give any response. Actually that rapist killed that active and full of life nurse on that very fateful night, he should have tried for charge of murder not just attempt of murder. Technically or according to law that rapist didn't kill Aruna on that day but in reality he took away all life from her body and just left a body devoid of any emotions, there is no doubt that it was a murder. I can't even imagine what pain or sufferings Aruna must have gone through after that incident, I think no one can imagine or understand her sufferings as she didn't get chance to express her feelings neither in words nor with emotions.

Law couldn't punish that perpetrator for murder because Aruna's heart was still pumping the blood, her lungs were still breathing the air but most part of her brain was dead. Worst part is that they didn't punish him for rape also as it was not vaginal rape, such a shameful lapse in judging this case. She existed as a body but not as a person, because that personality was brutally murdered and law failed to acknowledge that. I was not even born when this crime happened, I can't imagine how Aruna went through this tough ordeal for a period which is more than my entire life so far. I really salute the commitment and dedication of all staff of KEM hospital who took care of her like their own family member for 42 long years. Even family members find it difficult to take care of people in such state. Finally her body gave up, her long and painful battle with life ended on Monday. She officially died on May 18th but she was dead as a person 42 years back, on that very fateful night when her brain was irreversibly damaged. There should be severe punishment in law for anyone who inflicts such sufferings to any person. Aruna's case is a example for any justice system to consider all possibilities where physical assault is involved, killing a person is not the only worst things an abuser can do, leaving that person in a state where he or she can't live his/her life is also very a very serious crime and such crimes should be dealt with that seriousness. Acid attacks or causing serious mental injuries are few examples of this type of crimes. When I first time read the book about Aruna's story I shook me to the core, for many days I was very disturbed and was thinking about her pain. No amount of sympathy and anger was enough to do any justice to Aruna, finally she is free of all this pain and sufferings. I hope we don't hear about any more stories like this one. Reading or listening to this story is itself so painful experience so imagine going through it in real life. You were a brave person, good bye Aruna, you gave us so much to think and debate about, I hope you forgive everyone who couldn't help you.

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Links:
1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aruna_Shanbaug_case

Sunday, May 17, 2015

Politics is a game of perception.

I am a keen observer and follower of politics, it amuses me, surprises me and many unpredictable things associated with it keeps me interested in it. Whether we take interest in politics or not but it is true for most of us that politics and political decisions taken by various governments do affect our life directly or indirectly. I think there are very few among us who can claim to be immune from politics and political environment around us. One can see the effect of this most during any major election, like presidential election in US or general elections in India. During some of recent elections one noticeable difference in style of election campaign of various candidates (in US) and political parties (in India) is that now a days they use lot of data and statistics to push their agenda. Still they use lot of rhetoric during their election speeches during which various leaders promise whatever they can think of without even bothering to check if they can fulfill them or not. I think during election campaign the main focus is to win the election by making whatever promises it takes to win it, whoever is successful in making people believe in their program wins the votes and hence the elections. It becomes very important for candidates and their political parties to create a perception in voter's mind that they can deliver better than their opponents. They all claim that they only have capacity to deliver and their opponents are not good option to consider, so in the end it becomes a game of perception.

One very good example of this was recent general election of 2014 in India, BJP and its PM candidate Mr. Narendra Modi successfully managed to create a perception that Gujarat model of development is immensely successful model and it can be easily replicated in rest of India. They started really early and carried out very aggressive PR campaign to spread this message with use of data which suited their argument and people really believed in it. Other parties fighting elections against them including UPA which was in power tried to challenge this by putting some figures and data but it was too late by that time perception of successful Gujarat model was already created in people's mind and it was difficult to break it. Many corruption cases which were discovered during UPA-2 rule are still going on in court, so far no one has been charged or convicted in any of them but there is a perception that UPA-2 was most corrupt government India ever had and no one is interested in real data or statistics to check if this is true or not, people just believe that it was the most corrupt government. I think Congress learned its lesson during last general elections, they also realized how it is important to build certain perception in people's mind and if they can do same thing to BJP which BJP did to them during last elections their job to cover the lost ground might become easy. They are trying to use the issue of 'land acquisition bill' against current NDA government and Mr. Modi, they want to paint the image of this government as 'anti-farmer'.  I think they are somewhat successful in this attempt and their aggressive stand on this issue had put this government on a back foot. Now whether Congress and its leaders are right in accusing this government as anti-farmer, whether they have any data to prove their claims or not, these things are not important. No one is even asking these questions, government is trying hard to put some data to show that it is not their fault that farmer's are committing suicide but it seems no one is ready to listen as perception is already created that this government is pro-corporate and anti-farmer.

Actually this game of perception is very good for political parties to win elections but it is very bad for voters and people of that country. Because while playing this game political parties try to take advantage of certain current political scandals or issues to build certain positive image of themselves and negative image of their opponents. Once they do this they don't have to do much to win the elections, they don't even have to propose any concrete plan to resolve the issues just hollow election promises and grand speeches by their star leaders are enough. In this whole game voters are ultimate loosers as they sometimes go with X party and sometimes with Y party without any substantial change in their own fortunes. I hope slowly voters understand this trick used by most of political parties to fool or misguide them and educate themselves with real facts using various tools which now they have at their disposal. Once they start making choice based on information rather than perceptions then I am sure these political leaders and parties will also be forced to change their campaign style. Then we might expect to have more meaningful political debates and discussions, but until then let's keep on fighting the battle against this game of perceptions with a hope that we can minimize the effect of false perceptions during election campaigns.

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Why there is a need for special days like Mother's day in today's world?

Recently Mother's day was celebrated in US and surprisingly also in India (at least on Facebook). There was no such concept of any day when I was growing up as a kid in India. But now this tradition is spreading fast all over the world. Many of these days are quite commercialized events, many businesses and local shops depend on these days for bumper business. There is nothing wrong in celebrating any of these days according to me, rather I believe that these days are becoming so popular because there is a genuine need and demand for them in today's market. Very hectic, busy and stressful lifestyle in today's world leave very little time for many people to spend with their loved ones, somewhere they feel guilty for not able to do justice to their various relationships. So I think for these people these days provide an opportunity to make up for lost time and also give them a chance to acknowledge the presence and importance of that particular person in their lives. Most people's day to day life is getting incredibly busy, they are constantly connected with something on internet all the time, then there is TV, work, etc. Many times some relationships get lost among all business, specially if they live apart from those people, so these days are like opportunity to pause and recognize contribution of some of these people in our lives, this is positive side of these events. But there is negative side also, many these days are heavily commercialized, so heavily that chances are there that if people find that you don't celebrate them they might consider you as a heartless or emotionless person!

Personally I don't celebrate any of these days (Father's or Mothers' or Valentine's, etc.) not because I don't like them or I hate them or I don't believe in them but I don't feel the need to celebrate them. So far I always tried to give enough time to all my friends and relatives whenever they are around me. For last decade or so I am staying away from my parents, for the fist time I left my house was to come to US so one can imagine how hard it would have been for both of us, me and my parents. Like everyone else I also think that I have a very special relationship with my parents, it has definitely evolved over time. If they are in Pune (my birth city in India, where my family resides) we talk on every weekend at least for couple of hours. For me all those weekends are like father's and mother's day combine (lets call it as parent's day). I celebrate parent's day with them every time I talk with them, we talk about various issues, incidents from past, we even gossip about various things. Occasionally there are some heated discussions also but I think that's the part of any relationship. So because of all this so far I never felt any need to wait for some special day to express my feelings towards anyone, specially for parents. I try to do it on regular basis, but I do understand the need of people to have special occasions to celebrate each and every relationship in grand way. This is a need created by super intelligent market in people'es mind. I love to see the way marketing tricks work on people's minds (including my own). It is interesting to see how a market captures certain idea or emotion and then develops some product or event around it and then using very sophisticated and intelligent campaign creates a feeling of genuine need of that product or event. It is amazing to see how this all works and how they use various human emotions to target their customers. If we can ignore the heavy commercialization angle of many of these marked special days then we have to acknowledge that these days do mean something special for many people and we need to respect that. Yes, motherhood and mother's love needs to be celebrated, so is father's love, so are friendships, so is love and presence of your grandparents, so is your partner's love and dedication. All these relationships are important and should be celebrated so if these days give this opportunity so there is nothing wrong in it, just grab it and do your best to express your feelings in whatever way you can. But let's also be genuine in our expressions, now a days people focus so much on dramatization that it looks and sounds really fake, too much obligation to express love and commitment is also a indication of brittle relationships. I have seen very strong and committed relationships between two people where they don't even feel need to express their love or commitment. In the end having the genuine feelings is important, how we express it is not that important. We don't have to subscribe to the ways which commercials related with these events recommend, we all can have our own ways to express our love and respect. Let's celebrate each and every movement in whatever way we like, let's spread more love and in return get even more love.

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Friday, May 8, 2015

Public trial of media, is not a solution Mr. Kejriwal.

In one of his recent interviews Delhi Chief minister and AAP leader Mr. Arvind Kejriwal who doesn't seem to be very happy with the negative media coverage his party and some of its top leaders are receiving now a days advocated about conducting a public trial of media. One can interpret this statement in various ways, his supporters will obviously justify this statement and point out to some channels who are clearly hostile towards this party whereas opponents of AAP will question this statement and even call it a hippocratic stance because it is coming from a party which is largely perceived as a creation of media. There is no doubt that media gave disproportional coverage to AAP and its leaders, specially to Mr. Kejriwal in the beginning. May be this was because of novelty aspect associated with approach of AAP towards Indian politics and the issues they raised with very aggressive  approach. That time most of media was perceived as AAP's friend and other political parties were complaining about unfair attention to AAP. Because of some recent happenings in AAP in spite of their emphatic win in Delhi assembly elections they are getting lot of negative press and now many people are saying that it is not much different than many other political parties, this has resulted in very hostile attitude towards media from many AAP leaders. It is now no secret that after becoming CM of Delhi Mr. Kejriwal doesn't like public scrutiny or any criticism about himself or his party from any quarters of his own party or from media.

So what is wrong with advocating a public trial of media (or for that matter public trial of anyone)? We all know that mob mentality or public trials are dangerous as they are not based on facts and evidences but are based on perceptions. These perceptions can be right or wrong and it is very difficult to control them. That is why we have courts and judiciary so that there can be unbiased and fair justice system. Even this system many times fails to live up to its expectations, most of us will agree that we can not depend on conscious of public to deliver justice in criminal or other cases. If public trial becomes a norm then people with large fan following will never be convicted as there will be always huge section of public which will support their idol no matter what she or he does. Does Mr. Kejriwal want to go back to this stone age justice system? Is he trying to incite people to take law in their own hands and deliver judgement based on their own opinions and perceptions rather than going to courts to get justice? I fail to understand what does he even mean by public trial of media and how he wants to conduct it? There is no doubt that media has its own issues and problems. There are many questions about transparency, conflict of interest and accountability which various media housed need to answer, but definitely public trial is not the solution to resolve any of these issues. Let's also be clear that he was not talking about public debate and discussion, these things go on all the time in any vibrant democracy, they are necessary but public trial which he is recommending is something altogether different.

It is also clearly evident that politicians are more media friendly when they are in opposition but the time they get in power they start seeing media as a hostile opponent and nuisance. Same questions which they love to raise and ask when in opposition or during agitation against government, they try to avoid once they come into power. This was not expected from Mr. Kejriwal and his party as they claimed to be different and also claimed that they are in politics to change the way it functions but it seems that the politics changed him and his party. I hope he was not serious when he talked about public trial of media, role of media is very important in any democracy. Questions about media's accountability and transparency should be raised, media can not run away from these questions. I hope Mr. Kejriwal will raise some relevant questions rather than being in a hurry to deliver verdict against media.

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Friday, May 1, 2015

Marital rape is also a RAPE..these victims also need justice.

While listening to discussion on NDTV about criminalization of marital rape, I was appalled to listen to stories of two women who had suffered tremendous physical and mental torture at the hands of their so called husbands. The worst part was when I came to know that sexual abuse within marriage is not a criminal offense (but the cruelty aspect of it can be challenged in court, so non consensual sex can not be challenged but if there is some physical abuse or torture then it can be challenged in court). So currently rapes happening in bedrooms of homes of married couples are not considered as criminal offense,  rather it is considered as a internal matter between husband and wife, they need to sort it out among themselves together or with help of someone else but not the court. This might sound stupid, ironical, backward, highly patriarchal but this is what it is, and many men and women have to deal with it. So if a husband forces his wife to have sex with him against her will (or vice versa) it can't be considered as a rape, because the society as well as current law thinks that in a sacred marriage, as a husband man has a right to demand sexual services from his wife, and it is her duty to provide it willingly or unwillingly. Marriage is considered as something sacred or holy in many societies and India is also one of them so whatever is associated with it is also becomes sacred and holy...even the rape is considered as sacred. I think we should be happy that at least the cruelty aspect of it is criminalized because of which these abusive partners can be booked at least for physical abuse but conveniently sexual abuse is excluded (because sex under marriage is sacred), what a amazing logic our lawmakers have to justify this nonsense. Surprisingly this is all happening even after presence of staggering data to prove that marital rapes are very common. Strange thing is that no one is even denying that they don't happen but we just can't criminalize it because it is part of sacred marriage system.

Many people also argue that if we at all criminalize marital rape then that law can be misused like anti-dowry law. This objection sounds fair as there are many cases where anti-dowry law is misused to trouble or torture families for variety of reasons, but that is true with any other law. Even laws like protection of civil rights act, defamation act, Harijan act, etc are also misused by many people for selfish purposes, many policies like reservation are misused by many people but this doesn't mean that we should not have any laws or policies to tackle problems like dowry, social justice or rape. Based on data it is also true that these laws and policies also benefited many people who would not have got justice in absence of such laws, so there is no doubt that these laws had positive effect on our societies but at the same time we need to more work is needed to stop the misuse of them. Getting rid of them completely is not a option. On same logic just because some one might misuse it we can not refuse to make a law which can empower women and give them right to say NO even in marriage. Marriage doesn not mean that two people have right to exploit each other sexually, there should be freedom to say yes and no like we have in any other relationship. Marriage is a man made institution, there is nothing sacred or holy in it. It is a legal bond between two people to follow some rules and regulations of that relationship, so it should be subjected to all the rules and regulations which we follow in our day to day life. Forceful sexual act against any person's will is a rape no matter if it is within or outside realm of marriage. How can people even think of legalizing any kind of sexual abuse under the name of marriage in today's world?

Abuse, injustice or suppression in name of culture, tradition or religion is not new in our society, our civilization has witnessed various autocracies committed under these names for ages and same thing is happening even today. But mostly developed countries have managed to minimize such stupidity by forming very tough laws which can deal with such incidents that is why statements like "marriage is sacred in India, so marital rape does not apply in India" are very dangerous. They show the patriarchal mindset of society, the mindset which assumes that demanding sex within marriage is right of a man and if he doesn't get it then he has right to forcefully get it. Any act of forceful sex is called as rape, and if proven it should be punishable by law, why should it matter if it is committed by husband, wife or some other relative? I am glad to see that these things are at least being discussed in Indian society. Marriage is not a licence for non consensual sex. It is true that sex is a important part of married life but rape is not part of it. If partners are not happy with their sexual life then they should go for counselling or get separated if they can not match each others expectations. I am sure if many more voices demand stricter laws to deal with abuse even in relationship like marriage law makers can't ignore that demand for long. As women will get more empowered in every society they are bound to demand fair treatment from law and marital rape will be criminalized today or tomorrow. This lame justification of marriages being made in heaven or being sacred won't stand its ground for long, whatever is criminal is criminal no matter who does it, rape is a rape whether in a bedroom or in the bus it doesn't matter. 

Thanks for reading and please share your views on this topic.

[Copyright : Vinay Thakur. Please contact the author for re-posting or publishing]

Links:
1. Marriage Sacred in India, So 'Marital Rape' Does Not Apply: Government
2. Marital Rape: Eyes Wide Shut?