Many countries in the world struggle to accelerate development or to make sure that the benefits of development can be enjoyed by most of the population. One of the main reason for this problem is lack of good policies. All these countries are not ruled by dictators or going through civil war or something like that, many of them have well established democratic election system which seems to be working the way it should, elections happen regularly, people seem to participate in the electoral process, and elected governments seem to enjoy people's support for their policies (that's why they vote for them). India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Srilanka are some such countries where it seems no matter who is in power nothing much changes on the ground, parties win or lose but it seems country always looses in every election. Every party thinks about their own political future first. They all use their country as a tool to solidify their own political base, to win an election, to propagate a personality cult, to suppress opposition, but never to bring any important reforms, never to take some forward-looking steps which might harm politically but are good for the country's future. I was excited when current Indian government came to power and even wrote a post about their historical election victory.
For good policies, you need good politics; and for good politics, you need well-functioning institutions of various branches of the government which perform their work independently. This doesn't happen in most of the countries who struggle in spite of being democratic countries for so long. I have seen this happening in India. Corruption on various levels cripples most of these countries. When I say corruption, I am not just talking about the bribe culture, I am talking about the culture of corruption. A country where not allowing a largest political party to form a government is not unusual, horse-trading to buy legislatures of other political parties to gain a majority is not considered as a wrong practice, open collusion between various branches of the government doesn't disturb people, political opponents are not only ridiculed but branded as anti-nationals, where one political party talks about eliminating their oppositions from the country. These are not signs of good politics, and no wonder India still struggles to get a government who can dare to implement good policies. As I said I was hopeful about this government that they will implement some good policies but after five years all I can see that they spent all their time in establishing their brand and winning state elections, nothing else. I am not bothered by some mistakes which happen while taking some radical steps (like demonetization), but I am surprised that government which so many resources at its hand can't figure out the possible outcomes of their actions before taking that step and take all precautionary measures. Announcing any reform is not a big deal, making sure that it gets implemented to produce its desired result is where all the skills of governance and management are required and I am still waiting to witness this in India. One such opportunity was lost in 1984, where few reforms (like telecommunications and introduction of computers) were performed, but nothing spectacular was done as far as political and social reforms are concerned, and now this is another opportunity which didn't live to its expectations. Please remember, "for good policies, you need good politics."
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